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Quick links to products available in the Campaign for Genital Integrity . . .

     INFORMATIVE VIDEOS: 
    
Facing Circumcision  Eight Physicians Tell Their Stories
     Restoration in Focus  
Instructional Video for Foreskin Restoration
     They Cut Babies, Don't They?  
One Man's Struggle Against Circumcision
     Whose Body, Whose Rights?   Award-winning documentary seen on PBS!

THE BOOK THAT EXPOSES IT ALL: 
    
Circumcision Exposed
Rethinking a Medical and
Cultural Tradition

FORESKIN RESTORATION with:
The P.U.D.  new low pricing!
and The VacuTrac at special pricing!
plus the Foreballs device

 

Circumcision Supplement Released by the
British Journal of Urology


NOTE: Links with a right-facing blue arrow will take you off this site.

BJU International (British Journal of Urology), Volume 83, Supplement 1, January 1999
Hugh Whitfield, Editor Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes) http://www.blackwell-science.com/bju
113 pages. Numerous illustrations and photographs, some in color.

Single copy: $38 to U.S. by air:
Blackwell Science Ltd., Osney Mead, Oxford OX2 0EL   United Kingdom
For discount on multiple copies contact:
Jan Roberts, Manager/Special Projects Group
Blackwell Science Ltd., Osney Mead, Oxford OX2 0EL   United Kingdom
Tel: + 44 1865 206158 (direct)  or   + 44 1865 206206 (switchboard)
Fax: + 44 1865 206189    Email: jan.roberts@blacksci.co.uk

CONTENTS

Editorial  H. N. Whitfield, J. D. Frank, G. Williams and J. A. Vale, Editors

The history of circumcision W. D. Dunsmuir and E. M. Gordon

Introduction
The origin
From ancient to mediaeval times
The early 19th century
Mid-19th to 20th century
Surgical technique
Alternative procedures
Understanding the prepuce
The controversies
Conclusion
References [71]

Religious circumcision: a Muslim view S. A. H. Rizvi, S. A. A. Naqvi, M. Hussain and A. S. Hasan

Male circumcision
Female circumcision
Age at circumcision
Who performs circumcision?
Complications of circumcision
Conclusion
Acknowledgements
References [18]

Religious circumcision: a Jewish view  J. M. Glass

Introduction
Why is circumcision performed?
The laws of circumcision
The procedure
The training of mohelim
Complications of neonatal circumcision
Conclusion
Acknowledgements
References [17]

Jewish circumcision: an alternative perspective  J. Goodman

Introduction
Reasons for questioning religious circumcision
Pain and trauma
Complications
Lack of presumed medical benefits
Effects on the mother
Ethical implications
Textual support for change within Judaism
Difficulties of questioning circumcision in the Jewish community
Religious circumcision and Jewish identity
Conclusion: Possibilities for cultural change
References [34]

Male circumcision: a Korean perspective  D. Kim, J. Y. Less and M. G. Pang

Introduction
Circumcision rates with age
Age at circumcision and the origin of Korean circumcision
Reasons for remaining uncircumcised: the uniquely Korean concept
of 'naturally circumcised'
Reasons for being circumcised
What the interviewee knew or did not know
Previous studies on Korean circumcision
Information from Korean doctors
Conclusion
Acknowledgements
References [14]
Appendix I

The prepuce  C. J. Cold and J. Taylor

Introduction
Overview
Embryology
Innervation of the prepuce
Mucosal epithelium (inner plate of the prepuce)
Lamina propria in preputial mucosa
Dartos muscle
Dermis of the prepuce
Outer epithelium (glabrous skin of the prepuce)
The preputial sac
Immunological aspects of the prepuce
Preputial coverage of the glans
Sexual function
The effect of circumcision on penile anatomy
Discussion
Acknowledgements
References [104]

Medical indications for paediatric circumcision  A. M. K. Rickwood

Introduction
Circumcision for immediate medical indications
Development of the prepuce
Non-retractile foreskin ('physiological phimosis') and preputial adhesions
Phimosis
Acute balanoposthitis
Ammonia dermatitis
Preputial cysts
Redundant foreskin
Penile lymphoedema
Urinary infection
Alternatives to circumcision
Topical steriods
Preputioplasty
Boyhood circumcision: current practice
Circumcision of adult males
References [27]

Does circumcision influence sexually transmitted diseases?: a literature view  R. S. Van Howe

Introduction
Methods
Methodological differences
Study type
Circumcision status
The history of the role of circumcision in STDs
Literature review
Normal microbial flora
Acid-fast bacilli
Mycoplasma
Trichomoniasis
Yeast
Genital ulcer disease vs urethritis
Urethritis
Gonorrhoea
Non-gonoccal urethritis
Genital ulcer disease
Syphilis
Chancroid
Herpes simplex
Hepatitis
STD prevalence
HIV
Hill's criteria
Discussion
References [104]

Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)Involuntary circumcision: the legal issues  R. S. Van Howe. J. S. Svoboda, J. G. Dwyer and C. P. Price

Introduction
Bodily integrity and informed consent
United States case law
United Kingdom
International Law
Can involuntary circumcision be lawful?
'Neonatalcircumcision is not child abuse because
parental consent is given'
'Neonatal circumcision is not child abuse because
it has medical benefits'
'Neonatal circumcision is not child abuse because
it constitutes only "minor surgery"'
'Neonatal circumcision is not child abuse where it is
performed pursuant to a religious requirement'
'Neonatal circumcision is not child abuse because
it has cultural benefits'
'Neonatal circumcision is not child abuse because
it is not as damaging as female circumcison'
'Neonatal circumcision is not child abuse because
it has never been prosecuted as such'
Discussion
Conclusion
References [148]

A child's right to circumcision  M. Freeman

Introduction
English law and male circumcision
Circumcision: a child's right
References [55]

The effect of male circumcision on the sexual enjoyment of the female partner  K. O'Hara and J. O'Hara

Introduction Results
Discussion
References [22]
Appendix 1
Set 1
Set 2
Set 3

A preliminary poll of men circumcised in infancy and childhood   T. Hammond

Introduction
Assessing men's knowledge of genital anatomy and function
Documenting the consequences of circumcision
Findings of the preliminary poll
Physical consequences
Sexual consequences
Psychological consequences
Foreskin restoration
'Men's voices'
Fringe or vanguard?
The dynamics of power and control
The genital-integrity movement
Conclusion: planning for change
References [53]
Appendix 1

The psychological impact of circumcision  R. Goldman

Introduction
Infant pain and behavioral response to circumcision
The parents' responses
Circumcision as trauma
Long-term psychological effects
The motivation to circumcise
Religious circumcision
Conclusion
References [104]

Female circumcision: the peril remains U. Elchalal, B. Ben-Ami and A. Brzezinski

Historical background
Geographical distribution and demographic variables
Definition and classification of FGM
Traditions and rituals of FGM
Medical complications
Surgical treatment victims of FGM
Sexual complications of FGM
Legislation
References [49]

Surgical methods of restoring the prepuce: a critical view   S. B. Brandes and J. W. McAninch

Introduction
Uncircumcision in antiquity
Judeum Pondum
Celsus' operations
Decircumcision
Reconstruction of the prepuce
Prepuce restoration during the Nazi era
Other methods of preputial restoration
References [10]

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